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American Mulefoot Breeders Association, Inc.

Join American Mulefoot Breeders Association today

About Us

Who We Are


American Mulefoot Breeders Association (AMBA) was founded in 2014 as a non-profit organization

 to  promote and preserve the critically endangered 

American Mulefoot Hog.

Working with the Livestock Conservancy and Associated Registry, the AMBA manages a Herd Book of American Mulefoot Hog breeding stock.  AMBA develops  breeder networks, 

marketing and education

 programs to help improve and promote the breed. 

The newest and most exciting developments are currently in the works:  AMH Census, Genetic Diversity & DNA Research Program, and Historical Records of the American Mulefoot Hog.  

These projects are member lead teams who have volunteered countless hours in research to help AMBA develop these programs.


The AMBA is as much about people as it is about the animals. As a membership organization, 

it is breeder owned and democratically managed with elections for serving on the Board of Directors, chosen from AMBA's Member Breeders' list.   


2018 Elections 

Elections were held in the last quarter of 2018, with ten Member Breeders in good standing participating in the election and the first annual 

AMBA Breeding Program Census & Breeder Information. 

We recently received the following report from Dorothy Hammett, Election Proctor, The Livestock Conservancy.

"The American Mulefoot Breeders Association (AMBA) requested The Livestock Conservancy to count ballots for the membership vote for Chairman, Vice-Chair, Treasurer, Secretary, Director of DNA, and Marketing positions.

Procedures:  As ballots were received, they were stamped with the date received and Dorothy Hammett, Election Proctor, at The Livestock Conservancy, recorded the votes.  Votes were tallied, postmarks were recorded and ballots examined.  On January 7, 2019 the electronic tally was printed out, the paper ballots were alphabetized, and two Conservancy staff validated the vote tally against the paper ballots to make sure they had been recorded properly. The  corrected tally was printed, signed, and the signed copy of the tally and paper ballots were sealed in a manila envelope.

Ballot validation:  8 eligible ballots were cast.  

Vote results:  

Chair:  Gracie Cardwell, 9, with 1 cast with none indicated.

ViceChair: Susan Frank, 10, 0 cast with none indicated.

Treasurer: Amy Grabish, 9, with 1 cast with none indicated.

Secretary:  Alycia Salvas, 10, 0 cast with none indicated.

Director of DNA & Diversity: Linda Cowasjee, 10, 0 cast with none indicated.

Director of Marketing: Alycia Salvas, 10, 0 cast with none indicated.

**AMBA did not and will not receive or have access to the election ballots or members' names or account numbers participating in the election nor their votes.  2018 Election Envelope will be held at The Livestock Conservancy, Election Proctor's office.

Member Breeders must be in good standing (dues current, currently own & breed purebred, registered American Mulefoot stock) to be considered for Member Teams or eligible for Member Team Leadership.  

Member Breeders will be eligible to serve on the Board of Directors after one full membership year, and after being vetted by the Board of Directors and presented to the membership via social media.  After becoming eligible to serve, their name will be added to ballots at the next election.


The AMBA is not affiliated in any way with the American Mulefoot Hog Association, which has been managing a registry for a number of years.  A large percentage of the Mulefoot breeding community, as well as the Livestock Conservancy, decided that a second association and registry was needed to manage registrations more effectively and to assist breeders with marketing, education and other services.

Current Directors and Open Positions


Current Board of Directors:

Gracie Cardwell   (Chairman) 

Gateway Farm, Chester, VA

Alycia Salvas (Secretary)

Radical Roots Farm, LLC, Canterbury, CT

Linda Cowasjee (Director of Genetic Diversity & DNA Project), Renegade Mulefoot Pigs, Delaplane, VA

Alycia Salvas (Director of Marketing & Promotion), Radical Roots Farm, LLC, Canterbury, CT

Jeannette Beranger 

(Technical Advisor)
Livestock Conservancy, Pittsboro, NC

Are you passionate about what we're doing? Let us know! We are always looking for volunteers to help us make our vision a reality. We'll help you find a way to volunteer that best suits you.

We're excited to have you

 join the team!

Open Director Positions:

Vice-Chairman (requires serving one year on Board of Director over Program)

IT/Technical & Social Media

Volunteer Team lead/members:

*Genetic Diversity & DNA 

Research Project
*Census Questionnaire
*Historical Records of the American Mulefoot Hog

Key things to consider 

before you volunteer:

1)  Keep current in your dues, and raise American Mulefoot Hogs
2)  Commit to communication with the Board of Directors or 

Chairman as needed.
3)  Attendance at Monthly Board of Director's meetings, including participating in online 

discussion and voting.

4)  Participate in local events (such as Farm Swaps, Fairs, Heritage Events, etc.) on behalf of AMBA.
5)  Understand the value of volunteerism.

Please send your interest in service, any experience or area of expertise, farm name and years raising Mulefoot,  and a photo of you with your pigs or hogs to

Thank you,
Board of Directors

About the Breed

Close-up hoof of an American Mulefoot Hog specimen.

The American Mulefoot Hog is one of the oldest and rarest breeds of swine in North America, with fewer than 200 annual breed registrations at last count, making it critically endangered.  

With competition from large scale factory farms, it is imperative that consumers and farmers work together to make a market for these amazing creatures and bring them back from near extinction.  This breed has also been chosen as one of "Slow Food's Ark of Taste" animals due to its exceptional taste and need for conservation.


"The Mulefoot is an American hog breed that is named for its most distinctive feature, the solid, non-cloven hoof which looks like the hoof of a mule.  This characteristic will occasionally occur as a single gene mutation, producing occasional "mulefooted" pigs within a variety of other breeds.  In contrast, the Mulefoot breed is consistent in appearance and behavior, with qualities that have made it valuable in American history and a conservation priority today.

"The origin of the Mulefoot is unclear, and many theories have arisen about its links with mulefooted stocks in Asia and Europe.  The breed is more likely to have descended from the Spanish hogs brought to the Americas beginning in the 1500s.  It shares some attributes with the Choctaw hog, and the two breeds likely come from the same ancestral stock, which was loosely selected and managed until the late 1800s.

"By 1900, the Mulefoot had become a standardized breed.  It was valued for ease of fattening and production of meat, lard, and especially hams.  Mulefoot hogs were distributed throughout the Corn Belt.  They were also common along the Mississippi River Valley, where farmers ranged their hogs on the islands in the river, putting them out to forage in the spring and collecting them in the fall.  In the early 1900s, there were two Mulefoot breed associations and over 200 herds registering purebred stock.

"Mulefoot hogs are compact in appearance and weigh 400-600 pounds.  They are solid black with white points occurring rarely.  The ears are pricked forward.  Some pigs have wattles on either side of the neck, though this is not common.  The breed forages well and thrives under extensive husbandry.  They have litters of 5-6 piglets but may have as many as 12.  The sows make excellent and calm mothers.

"The Mulefoot breed is critically rare.  As of 2006 there are fewer than 200 purebred hogs documented.  Most of these originated in the Holliday herd of Missouri, which is believed to have been the last purebred herd in existence."  - Text (c) The Livestock Conservancy.

Breeder Information

Breeder Directory


updated 2019 Membership Roll located under Breeder Info ... scroll down to a "green" section with Directory in State order.

Breeder Resources


links to important documents,
research information, and organizations! 

Detailed Description


don't get caught up in cute, when you are looking for "correct"!  content coming soon!

DNA & Diversity


program  details and new things we are working on - coming soon!



instructions & forms are
now on Shop page!



registration & transfer forms
are now included on the
Shop page!